May 1 - Labor Day

History of Labor Day

Labor Day, celebrated in Brazil and around the world on May 1st, is a tribute to a strike occurred in the city of Chicago (USA) in 1886 where there was a gathering of thousands of workers who demanded the reduction of working hours from 13 to 8 hours a day. Another demonstration took place in Chicago and resulted in death of police and protesters, the event became known as the Haymarket Revolt. Three years later, in 1889, the International Socialist Congress held in Paris adopted the maximum shift of 8 hours. The following year, millions of workers did enforce the decisions of the Congress of 1889. May 1st was marked by a general strike, where workers marched through the streets of their cities to show support for the labor cause. The day came to be called "Labor Day" and went to prove the power of organization of workers internationally.


Labor Day in Brazil

The arrival of European immigrants to Brazil brought ideas about organizational principles and labor laws, already implemented in Europe. The Brazilian workers began to organize. In 1917 came the general strike, which stopped Brazilian industry and commerce. The working class became more strong and, in 1924, the 1st of May was declared a national holiday by President Artur Bernardes.

Despite having been declared a holiday in Brazil until the early Vargas period,  May 1st was considered a day of worker’s protests, marked by strikes and demonstrations. The Vargas labor propaganda cleverly happened to choose the date for announcing benefits to workers, transforming it into "Labour Day". Thus, the day was no longer characterized only by protests, but celebrated with parades and festivals, as it is today.


Anyway, today is a day of awareness for all who fought for us to work with all the convenience offered. The Milano congratulates its employees and expects each new day is an accomplishment.





April 21 - Day of Metallurgist

On the dictionary, metallurgy is the "branch of engineering that deals with the production of metals and alloys, as well as its suitability for use," as is the "study of the chemical reactions involved in manufacturing of metals and physical, chemical and mechanical properties of metallic materials. "The Industrial Revolution, which took place around the eighteenth century, helped in the process of metallurgy to replace hand labor by machinery. The metal began to be used in large quantities in the manufacture of equipment, giving rise to the so-called "basic industry", specialized in metal processing for application in other industries.

On April 21 is celebrated the day of the metallurgical. Professional which can be considered a specialist. In many branches in the metallurgical industry are: the metallurgical technical training and specialized working on a branch which is easier to do in finishing and shaping all types of materials made from metal, metals with higher education and scientific engaged in mineral extraction and processing into metals, alloys and use in the production of machinery, metal structures or parts. Performs the task of adjusting the metal materials in the functions in which they will be subjected.

It's a job that requires responsibility and deep knowledge of the composition and characteristics of metals, because in many cases, their work is the last phase of a product, if an error occurs, all the work of a team will be in vain.

The metallurgical constitutes the majority of workers of different classes to fight for the rights of occupation.

Our thanks go to these professionals, so important for the Brazilian industry.



Brazilian industrial production fell 2.5% in February 2013, IBGE says


Results virtually eliminates high of 2.6% recorded in January of the same year.

Major negative influence came from the automobile sector, which fell 9.1%.


The Brazilian industrial production fell 2.5% in February this year with the previous month, according to data released on Tuesday (2) by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). The result virtually eliminates growth of 2.6% (according to revised data) recorded in January. That's the biggest drop since December 2008, when the index had pointed low of 12.2%.

Compared to the same period of 2012, the index fell by 3.2%. During the year, industrial production has increased 1.1%, and in 12 months, down 1.9%.

The analysis by sector, 15 of the 27 showed a decrease in production, highlighting the negative influence coming from the automobile sector, which fell 9.1%, eliminating the 6.2% increase in the previous month.

Also recorded decreases the productions of industries: pharmaceutical (-10.8%), petroleum refining and alcohol production (-5.8%), beverages (-5.2%), food (-1.3 %), furniture (-9.9%), pulp, paper and paper products (-2.0%) and mining and quarrying (-1.9%).

In opposition, between the high, are transportation equipment (9.6%), machinery and equipment (1.7%) and tobacco (36.2%), "which recovered some of the loss of 53.7% registered in January ", and machinery, appliances and equipment (4.6%).


Among the categories of use, durable consumer goods fell 6.8%, the biggest drop since September 2011 (down 8.2%) segments of consumer non-durable and semi had low of 2.1% and intermediate goods of 1.3%. The capital goods sector was the only one who had a high of 1.6%.


Compared with a year earlier


In the annual comparison, production in most sectors fell: 18 of the 27 were surveyed. According to the IBGE, the result may have been influenced by the fact that February had one working day less than in 2012.

The main negative departed pharmaceutical industries (-14.6%), mining and quarrying (-9.9%), editing, printing and reproduction of recorded media (-13.0%) and metallurgy (-8.9% ). Following are food (-3.7%), other chemical products (-3.6%), office machines and computer equipment (-16.0%), textiles (-11.1%), pulp , paper and paper products (-4.9%) and instrumentation equipment hospital medical, optical and other (-13.9%).


Among the activities with increased production, are automotive vehicles (6.4%), other transportation equipment (9.6%) and machinery, appliances and equipment (7.8%).

Consumer non-durables and semi fell 5.8%, intermediate goods, 4.4% and durable consumer goods, 2.2%.

In the index accumulated this year growth was recorded in 11 of the 27 segments surveyed. The branch of automotive vehicles, which rose 21.6%, had the greatest positive influence.





OGX will drill 1 well in the block bought by Petrobras this year

OGX, Eike Batista’s oil group, spects to drill by the end of 2013 the first production well in Block BS-4, in the Santos basin, according to information contained in the investor presentation released by the company on Wednesday.

The EBX holding company bought at the end of November, 40% stake that Petrobras had in assets, for $270 million. The block includes the areas known as Atlanta and Oliva.

Queiroz Galvão SA Exploration and Production is the operator of the concession with a 30 percent. Barra Energia of Brazil Oil and Gas has a 30% percent share in the area.

As reported at the time OGX, Atlanta and Oliva have type heavy oil, 14º to 16º API, and are located 185 km off the Brazilian coast, in water depths of approximately 1,500 meters.

After the acquisition of the stake in Block BS-4, the company revised its investment budget in 2013 from $1.2 billion dollars to $1.3 billion dollars.

The company reported late on Tuesday a net loss of 286 million reais in the fourth quarter of 2012, compared to loss of 332.6 million reais in the same period of 2011.

After opening the session lower on Wednesday, OGX's shares began to rise late in the morning. At 11:25 the company ordinary roles operating in high of 3.9 percent. At the same time Ibovespa had a slight increase of 0.07 percent.

OGX executives will comment on the company's results in a conference call scheduled for 12am on Wednesday.

By Roberto Samora



March 22nd - World Water Day


What do you know about the situation of water in Brazil?

There are times we have heard all the media about the importance of consuming less water. In Brazil, especially, this is a recurring topic in news and campaigns. But what is the real situation of urban water distribution in our country? What are the main problems faced and which are the projects for the near future?

To answer these questions, the Portal Brasileiro do Terceiro Setor(Brasilian Third Sector Portal) highlights the Atlas Brasil - Abastecimento Urbano de Água(Urban Water Supply), prepared by the National Water Agency, which collects detailed information on the status of the 5,565 Brazilian municipalities, as for urban demands, water availability of water sources , the capacity of production systems and services for water collection and treatment of sewage and also proposes solutions for the present and future demands for all Brazilian cities, with projections up to the year 2025.

According to the atlas:

• The vast majority of municipalities (4,770 municipal seats or 86% of total) are served by isolated water production systems, serving 83 million inhabitants. Of this total, 44% of the systems use only groundwater sources. 795 cities (14% of total) are fueled by integrated systems, benefiting a population of 78 million people.

• The total capacity of production systems installed and operating in the country is approximately 587 m3 / s, very close to the current maximum demands (around 543 m3 / s), showing that most of the units is at the limit of its operational capacity .

• 55% of municipalities may have supply deficit by the year 2015. In this series, 84% of the seats urban investments need to adapt their production systems and 16% have deficits arising from springs used.

• The North and Northeast regions are those with relatively larger investment needs in water production systems.

• 55% of Brazilian cities require investments in expansion and improvement of production systems or the development of new water sources, resulting in an inflow of investment of 22 million by the year 2025.

Also according to the Atlas, the "problem" of water in Brazil is not insurmountable, but it is important to know the real situation of the country and plan programs and investment of resources.





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